Sanskrit: अचल Acala-Vidyārāja
Japanese: 不動明王 Fudō-myōō
Tibetan: མི་གཡོ་བ། Miyowa
Vietnamese: Bất Động Minh Vương

Sanskrit mantra with (translated meaning):

Namaḥ Samantavajrānāṃ Caṇḍa-Mahāroṣaṇa-Sphoṭaya Hūṃ Traṭ Hāṃ Māṃ
(Homage to the all-pervading Vajras! O Violent One of great wrath! Destroy! hūṃ traṭ hāṃ māṃ)

Acala-Vidyārāja Mantra
  • ཀརྨ་རྡོ་རྗེ། Karma Dorje doing an audio recording recitation of the Tibetan mantra above.

Acala converts anger into salvation; has furious, glaring face, as he seeks to frighten people into accepting the teachings of Vairocana Buddha; carries “kurikara” or devil-subduing sword in right hand (representing wisdom cutting through ignorance); holds rope in left hand (to catch and bind up demons); often has third eye in forehead (all-seeing); often seated or standing on rock (because he is “immovable” in his faith). Also, his left eye is often closed, and the teeth bite the upper lip; alternatively, he is shown with two fangs, one pointing upward and other pointing downward. Acala’s aureole is typically the flames of fire, which according to Buddhist lore, represent the purification of the mind by the burning away of all material desires.​

In Japan Acala is known as Myō-ō meaning in Sanskrit Vidyārāja; Mantra Kings, the Wisdom Kings, or the Knowledge Kings, Radiant Kings, Guardian Kings, etc. In Tibetan Buddhism, they are known as Herukas, the name of a category of wrathful deities, enlightened beings in Vajrayāna Buddhism that adopt a fierce countenance to benefit sentient beings.  Myō-ō statues appear ferocious and menacing, with threatening postures and faces designed to subdue evil and frighten unbelievers into accepting Buddhist law. They represent the luminescent wisdom of Buddhism, protect the Buddhist teachings, remove all obstacles to enlightenment, and force evil to surrender. Introduced to Japan in 9th century, the Myō-ō were originally Hindu deities that were adopted into Esoteric Buddhism to vanquish blind craving. They serve and protect the various Buddha, especially Vairocana Buddha.

In Tibetan Buddhism and art, Akṣobhya Buddha, whose name also means “the immovable one”, presides over the clan of deities to which Ācala belongs. Other sources refer to the Acala and Caṇḍaroṣaṇa as an “emanation” of Akshobhya, suggesting further assimilation.

He evolves into a deity invoked in Buddhist rituals to “frighten gods, titans, men and destroy the strength of demons”, and he slays all ghosts and evil spirits.  In other texts, such as the Mahāvairocana Sūtra, one dedicated to the Buddha is instructed to visualize the left foot of Acala on his head during meditation, to prevent obstacles in his reaching Prajñā (insight).

  • ཀརྨ་རྡོ་རྗེ། Karma Dorje compiled this page as a supplemental guide and motivational support for others, please forgive him for any errors.
One of the five Wisdom Kings, Acala Vidyaraja is a devoted protector of all sentient beings and will not forsake them at all times.His great wisdom burns away all delusions and negative karma to help sentient beings recover their pure Bodhichitta mind.

Source of photo: flickr

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